Ideally, you should plan your travel and check the latest weather reports in order to avoid the storm altogether. Since this is not always possible, here are some suggestions for safety preparations in motor vehicles.
First of all, you should check and fully winterize your vehicle before the winter season begins, including anti-freeze levels and tire tread.
You should carry a winter storm survival kit in your car. This kit should include:
1. Mobile phone with charger and batteries.
2. Blankets and sleeping bags.
3. Flashlight with extra batteries.
4. First-aid kit.
6. High-calorie, non-perishable food.
7. Extra clothing to keep dry.
8. Large empty can to use as emergency toilet. Tissues and paper
towels for sanitary purposes.
9. Small can and waterproof matches to melt snow for drinking
10. Sack of sand or cat litter for traction.
12. Windshield scraper and brush.
13. Tool kit.
14. Tow rope.
15. Battery jumper cables.
16. Water container.
17. Compass and road maps.
In addition, keep your gas tank near full to avoid ice in the tank and fuel lines. Avoid traveling alone. Let someone know your timetable and primary and alternate routes.
If you become caught in a fierce winter storm, it is important to stay in your vehicle. You will become quickly disoriented in wind-driven snow and cold. Run the motor for about 10 minutes each hour for heat, but make sure that the exhaust pipe is not blocked with snow or ice. Open the window a little for fresh air to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning.
Exercise from time to time, moving arms, legs, fingers, and toes vigorously to keep blood circulating and to keep warm. Avoid overexertion such as shoveling heavy snow, pushing a car, or walking in deep snow. The strain from the combination of cold and hard labor may cause a heart attack.
Be visible to rescuers. Turn on the dome light of your car at night when running the engine. Tie a colored cloth, preferably red, to your antenna or door. After snow stops falling, raise the hood to indicate that you need help.